What are the cavities?Another term used for dental "cavity" is "caries."A cavity is a hole in the tooth that occurs when the tooth is removed. Any of the following factors can influence whether you develop a cavity or not:

  •     lifestyle (for example: smoking)
  •     dental hygiene
  •     eating habits
  •     fluoride content in water and toothpaste


To understand how tooth wear occurs, let's first understand what we naturally find in your mouth.Saliva - keeps teeth and oral tissue moist, rinses food particles that remain in the mouth after eating and protects it from viruses and bacteria.Bacterial plaque - is a soft, sticky substance, a mixture of bacteria, food debris, white blood cells and body tissue that develops when bacteria get stuck in the teeth. Bacterial plaque can be removed by brushing your teeth, but it re-forms immediately after you brush them.Sarro - is formed when the bacterial plaque absorbs calcium and minerals contained in the saliva of your mouth. These minerals form crystals that cause the bacterial plaque to harden and become "tartar."Bacteria - some bacteria really help control the destructive bacteria. The type of bacteria that causes tooth wear can cause a lot of damage by producing acids that damage tooth enamel.How is a cavity formed?The sugar contained in all the carbohydrates (for example: chips, salty cookies), specifically in sweet and sticky foods (cookies and sodas) reacts with the bacteria contained in your mouth. This reaction produces acid. This acid causes the mineral crystals to dissolve the tooth enamel that is the outer protective layer of your tooth. Sticky food left on your teeth after brushing you do not disappear by saliva, and therefore can cause a cavity.A cavity or caries is not formed unless tooth wear penetrates the external protective layer (enamel) of the tooth. The good news is that you can prevent a cavity from occurring yourself!How do I know I have a cavity / cavities?Cavities or cavities usually develop on the chewing surface of your teeth and near the gum lines. If a cavity develops below the surface of the tooth, you probably will not see it. Dental x-rays will help your dentist detect this type of tooth decay. However, if the cavity is formed on the bite surface of the tooth, it will look brown or blackish. The fact that you do not feel pain in the tooth does not mean that you do not have a cavity. Sometimes larger cavities do not produce pain at all. If you do not visit the dentist and do not follow a treatment, the cavity can:
  1.     destroy your tooth
  2.     kill delicate nerves that are in the roots of your teeth
  3.     cause an abscess or infection within the apex of the tooth

Your dentist can tell you if you have any tooth decay by doing:Regular check-ups: Using a metal instrument called an "explorer" your dentist will check your teeth and look for soft spots. A decayed tooth is usually softer than one that does not. The tartar of a healthy tooth is hard.Detection of a caries using a dye (dental stain): Your dentist uses an instrument that has a tip like that of a small toothbrush that brushes a special non-toxic dye on your teeth. This dye sticks in those areas that have cavities.Rays - X: These special photos can show tooth decay that can not be seen on its surface.If your dentist finds that you have cavities, you will need to have a filling.

Placement of the filling:

The area where the cavity is located, will be anesthetized with a special gel or liquid to numb or both.
After your tooth and the surrounding area have been numbed (you will not feel anything), the decay will be eliminated and a space will be made to place the replacement of what has been removed with a special tool. Finally, your dentist will place a special material (a filling) in the hole or in the "cavity" to protect the nerves of your tooth.Is the filling of a filling painful?The placement of a filling should not be painful because your tooth and the area adjacent to it will not feel anything (due to the effect of the medicine to numb). If the medicine to numb is placed with an injection, you will feel a soft pinch for a few seconds while the medicine penetrates the area of ​​the gum around the tooth. You will feel some pressure while your dentist works on your mouth, but you should not feel pain. If you feel pain, you should tell your dentist!My mouth will be hurt after filling it?Some people are sensitive to air, cold or hot drinks and / or food du

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